Enhanced Cooperation for Sustainable Development

24 October 2013 - A Workshop on Enhanced Cooperation in Bali, Indonesia

Internet Governance Forum 2013

Workshop # 324 Report

Enhanced Cooperation for Sustainable Development

Organizer Name 

Zhu Hongbin

Organizer Entity 

China Internet Network Information Center

Workshop Theme 

Enhanced Cooperation

Consise description 


 According to the Tunis Agenda "Tunis Agenda for the Information Society" (http://www.itu.int/wsis/docs2/tunis/off/6rev1.html), it was agreed that there is a need for “enhanced cooperation in the future, to enable governments, on an equal footing, to carry out their roles and responsibilities, in international public policy issues pertaining to the Internet,” but without neglecting to “involve all stakeholders in their respective roles” and “be responsive to innovation.”   In practice, the current multi-stakeholder model of Internet governance has laid a solid basis for enhanced cooperation. Its fast evolvement and flexibility has offered great vibrancy to the Internet growth. However, when we approach the sustainablity issue of Internet growth, especially when we see the ICT capacity shortage of the developing countries and how they are deprived of the opportunities of growth, we notice that the current cooperation model need to be further improved in terms of sustainablity in order to support global Internet prosperity. 


  In fact, according to the Internet usage statistics, the growth of Internet penetration has been slowing down in recent years, and the fractions for sustainable Internet economy are getting more intense especially in many developing countries. Digital divide, online crime, personal information leakage and limited local content have significantly endangered the online consumer trust.  This situation may impede the generation of the next billion Internet users.

In our workshop we will focus on these obstacles and have a panel discussion on the innovative cooperation mechanisms to be developed to tackle those obstructions. To be specific, our discussion will try to address the following issues:

* What are the major obstacles for sustainable Internet development.

* What kind of ICT development/cooperation model is unsustainable?

* Are there any implications for the Internet infrastructure development or policy-making framework we can draw from the current sustainability issues?

* How to enhance the current global cooperation model for sustainable Internet development.

*How to empower the developing regions, minority and consumers in the future enhanced cooperation initiatives.



  Briefly speaking, this workshop will be a panel discussion to address the needs for innovative enhanced cooperation mechanisms which enabling more in-depth involvement of the stakeholders from the developing countries for the sustainable global Internet growth. Possible enhanced cooperation mechanism will also be talked about. Some underlying principles for such cooperation will also be discussed.One fundamental issue we need to address for Internet governance is to transform the minority into empowered group, users into internet innovators so that the Internet will fuel the economic transformation and international development in the future. Therefore concerning the current status of developing countries, what we need to do is to balance between the pros and cons of different governance models in order to make more adaptive cooperation model for all the stakeholders. 





1. Moderator’s welcome and introduction (5 mins) 2. Overview of the current obstacles and efforts on enhanced cooperation by Norbert Bollow/YJ Park/ Yu-Chuang Kuek(15 mins) 3. Responses from Government, Technical community and civil society for how to reinforce enhanced cooperation for sustainable Internet development from their point of view. Different cases will be introduced to the audiences. - Reprensentative from ICANN/ITU/UNESCO(20 mins) - Zicai Tang (10 mins) - Xiaodong Lee (10 mins) - William Drake (10 mins) - Xinmin Gao 5. Discussion involving panelists and participants (30 mins) 6. Wrap up


Xiaodong Lee

Remote Moderator 

Xiantang Sun

Have you organized workshops at previous IGFs?


Workshop format 


Workshop Transcript 


Brief substantive summary of the workshop and presentation of the main issues that were raised during the discussions 

Now, the idea of multi-stakeholder model is widely supported for its advantage in openness, but to further drive the positive outcome of multistakeholder model and sustainable growth of Internet, some improvements and supplement work still need to be done, especially with regard to improving harmony and equality in the multi-stakeholder environment. The room just for talk cannot solve confliction automatically. We need to work together. In other word, we need more active cooperation and coordination to drive sustainable growth of Internet, which gives the way as enhanced cooperation. This workshop sought to address the possible future work related to “enhanced cooperation” that have ever lasted domestically and internationally for years. In the Panel, YJ Park shared about her work on enhanced cooperation research and international movements of building platforms for enhanced cooperation, Xiaodong Lee introduced the efforts of CNNIC on building platforms and its experience of exporting best practices. Norbert Bollow introduced of his insightful proposal on the Enhanced Cooperation Task Force and his idea on free open software movement to enabling sustainable Internet growth. Prof. Drake generous shared his knowledge about the historical background of enhanced cooperation and also its major challenges, and also Nigel’s last minute but still quite informative contributions to our workshop from the perspective of ICANN regarding to how to build sustainable stakeholder relationship especially with governments. During the session, panelists were asked a set of questions to answer and some issues to address. The key points that came out of the panelists’ responses were as follows: 1 The enhanced cooperation platforms on Internet Governance launched by civil society needs more substantial support from diverse source, especially from the government, which can facilitate the productivity of cooperation and maintain the equal footing between different stakeholders. 2 The multi-stakeholder model needs to be enhanced by building a strategy to promote more cooperation and understanding. For this purpose, we need to create platforms, conduct cooperative projects and coordinate best practices together. 3 When there is little support from the institutions and authorities, the civil society movements should insist on moving forward to let real work result speak. Cooperation is optimal and sustainable but moving forward is also important. 4 Every stakeholder’s equal footing should be guaranteed by international organization, especially with in the field of ICANN and IGF. We need more mechanisms to enable stakeholders to cooperate together in the same framework. 5 The term enhanced cooperation also has its limitation because it is originally mainly point to the government cooperation. But now what we need is the enhanced multi-stakehodler cooperation. This term is more comprehensive, but still needs us to figure out what is the real strategy behind it. During the question and answer part, the questions were mainly related to ICANN and IGF’s open and multi-stakeholder participation issue. Especially, many audiences questioned the function of ICANN’s government advisory committee and how to resolve weakness of limited representativeness of ICANN’s GAC. The vice president of ICANN gave a full explain of the work they are now doing to allow future cooperation with more stakeholders.

Conclusions drawn from the workshop and further comments 

This workshop demonstrated the value of multistakeholder participation and enhanced cooperation not only from a structural point of view but also from a practical point of view. The conclusions of the panel focused on the need to start real enhanced cooperation in a true multistakeholder fashion that facilitates the exchange of ideas, knowledge and resources and promotes mutual understanding between different stakeholders. In this way the multi-stakeholder model can be more effective in solving problems.

Reported by 

China Internet Network Information Center

Estimate the overall number of women participants present at the session 

About half of the participants were women

To what extent did the session discuss gender equality and/or women's empowerment? 

It was not seen as related to the session theme and was not raised

Discussion affecting gender equality and women's empowerment 


Workshops Staticals 
Number of FEMALE participantsNumber of MALE participantsNumber of Young participantsNumber of Developing Countries ParticipantsNumber of Developed Countries ParticipantsNumber of LDCs participantsNumber of TOTAL Participants
22 35 5 35 10 12 57